Vikings – The Battle of Barry

Vikings were portrayed as uniformly violent and bloodthirsty by their enemies. The chronicles of medieval England portrayed them as rapacious “wolves among sheep”. Bloody raids, pillaging and deadly battles is how we see the Vikings of the age. And while this is true for many parts of Scotland (see here if you want to read about the nice, cuddly side of the Vikings!) Dundee was likely a prime target.  Longboats carried Vikings from their strongholds in Orkney and Shetland towards the mainlands to assault any settlements they could reach; nowhere with water access was safe, and Dundee was surely no exception.

Local historians agree that there is evidence of Vikings in the area, and DNA analysis suggests 8% of us have Viking ancestry in our genes. One account of such an invasion is the infamous Battle of Barry, said to have taken place in 1010. The first account of the battle is by Hector Boece, a 16th century historian. Sueno, king of Denmark and England, uphappy with the news of his army’s defeat at Mortiach, ordered a naval task force to set sail for Scotland.

The army landed at Lunan Bay and after sacking Montrose, the Army headed inland and razed Brechin to the ground. Camus received word that an army headed by King Malcolm II was in Dundee and ordered the Danes to march south. The Scots army set camp at Barry, a few miles to the east of Dundee. The two sides met and fought at the Lochty Burn, which is now where the Carnoustie town centre lies. The battle was fierce and raged on for many hours, so much so that the burn ran red with the blood of Scots and Danes.

On the losing end of the battle, Camus fled to the hills but was caught and killed by Robert de Keith at Brae Downie, where, it is said, the Camus Cross was erected in memory of him (


The battle also inspired a legend of the naming of Carnoustie. The Norse gods were so incensed by the loss of their favourite warrior that they put a curse on the neighbourhood, letting thousands of crows loose across Barry. The crows colonised the whole area around what is now Buddon Ness their numbers swelling so large that the area became known as Craw’s Nestie, which was later altered to Carnoustie.

When the village of Carnoustie gained burgh status in 1899 the local officials created a crest for the town featuring three crows flying over a tree. Crow’s continue to feature in the town’s stories and events, with the Craw’s Nest Tassie ( golf tournament – and there are still large numbers of crows in the area.


Many bodies have been uncovered from mediaeval times in the Carnoustie area, many of them who seem to have been slain in battle with limbs hacked off. In the 16th Century Raphael Hollinshed claimed that the bodies were those of the Danes killed in the Battle of Barry. However, later evidence uncovered by historians in the 19th century showed many of these graves to be of Pictish origin, and likely belonged to those living in the area, with battles between Picts and Scots a common affair.

Sadly all that remains of the battle are these stories, which, due to becoming lost in time, the battle itself is now regarded to be apocryphal (of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as being true). No other written evidence of Camus exists, and it is likely to be a misunderstanding of the name ‘Camuston’ which was a village in the area at that time. The Camus Cross was also later discovered to be a Pictish era monument, likely named for the nearby village. A burial was found near the Camus Cross in the 17th century, believed to be that of Camus himself. The skeleton was described as huge with a sword wound on the back of the head the likely cause of death. What was found here was supposedly taken to Brechin Castle at the time, but little other information remains.

Whether the details of the battle are correct, there can be no doubt that Vikings visited the area, and it was unlikely that no blood was shed. The legend of the battle lives strong in the tales and stories of the area, and maybe next time a flock of crows flies overhead, you just might wonder if the Norse gods are still angry at the loss of their fearless warrior.

13 thoughts on “Vikings – The Battle of Barry

  • May 18, 2015 at 11:02 pm

    I lived in Carnoustie most my life and the crows are a huge part of my memories I’ve never seen so many fly overhead at dusk it’s quite a sight to watch in that small window of time when the all gather to fly to the dunes. My gran used to tell us that we could come in from playing when the crown went to bed and we would watch out for them as a time to get back in. Later I moved to the Barry end and Corbie (crow) drive :).
    Interestingly about the Pictish burials a lot of the older houses in Carnoustie had used the dug up old Pictish burial stones for chimney hearths and the back bits (can’t remember the technical name)

    • May 19, 2015 at 8:06 am

      Bit gross isn’t it having someones funeral stone from hundreds of years ago in your fireplace! I used to live in Carnoustie too and I could imagine the crows being sent as a plague, they always used to spook me as a kid there’s just so many of them.

  • August 16, 2015 at 1:23 am

    This is a part of Dundee’s history I never knew , very interesting

  • January 15, 2016 at 12:41 pm

    Great I love reading all your articles. I just somehow think there is a link missing? In line 4 “(see here if you want to read about the nice, cuddly side of the Vikings!).

    • January 15, 2016 at 1:10 pm

      Thanks Andy I’ll take a look at that, glad you’re enjoying it!

      • January 15, 2016 at 2:52 pm

        Sorted the link has appeared.

        • January 15, 2016 at 3:23 pm

          Aye we were quick about it, have to be, you lot keep us on our toes!

  • March 11, 2016 at 12:29 pm

    This was my first venture into what I hoped would be an informative look at some local history. Hardly started and couldn’t believe that Barry was sited west of Dundee. That elementary mistake should make anyone very cautious of accepting as fact any subsequent assertions.

    • March 11, 2016 at 1:39 pm

      Thanks for pointing that out I’ve edited the post with the correct direction. Hope you continue to read the rest of the site, we always correct errors where we find them or when our readers point them out.

      • April 7, 2017 at 4:18 pm

        Not only to the East but surely more than 2 miles??

  • March 11, 2016 at 2:58 pm

    Wow at Scott, ha ha. Wrong side of the bed today maybe? X

  • June 10, 2017 at 3:08 pm

    Just found your site , excellent , I’m away to study medieval history at kings college , London , site’s like these give me that thirst for knowledge , keep up the good work , Hilltown lad.

    • June 10, 2017 at 3:22 pm

      Thanks Michael and good luck with the degree I’m sure you’ll enjoy it. And if you come across any Dundee tales along the way you know where to send them!

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